Citizen Action Network for Accountability (CANA)

The Citizen Action Network for Accountability in the Philippines works to improve public services provided in our communities in general and to the poorest and most marginalized in particular.

CANA believes simply that more we ordinary people can understand and engage the government, the more accountable and effective we can all hold it to be.

Latest Work

Citizens force city to improve quality control of public works: A simple story on how citizen action compelled the government to repair a foot bridge previously declared complete yet unusable during rainy days.

Citizens encouraged to monitor government projects, spending: A national broadcast report in Filipino featuring CANA’s views and work in encouraging citizen action to fight corruption and demand for good governance.

Facebook: Citizen Action NetTwitter: @CitizenActionPH

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Borde Político A. C. – Borde Jurídico

Founded in 2012,  Borde Político is a NGO created with the purpose of developing digital tools for monitoring the performance of the Mexican Congress.

Through this platform, citizens can better know the work of their representatives and find interactive tools designed to function as simple mechanisms for consulting, displaying or disseminate relevant information related to both Chamber of the Mexican Congress.

Since 2013, through a specialized project named Borde Jurídico, the transparency effort extended to observe the work of the Judiciary Branch.

Its team consists of 13 people, which includes political scientists, designers, lawyers, philosophers and programmers is dedicated to digitize, illustrate and make available, in real time, information generated in the Congress and the Supreme Court. The digital platforms developed by Borde Político aim to encourage citizen contributions and debate to political processes and legislation.

In addition, Borde Político is part of the Opening Parliament Alliance (Mexico) and has established important partnerships to work on matters of open budget and legislative budgets with renowned civil society organizations in Mexico such as Fundar and Métrica Pública.

Twitter: @bordepolitico /@bordejuridicoFacebook: Borde Político, Borde Jurídico • Youtube: Borde Político, Borde Jurídico

Fin al abuso (1st Campaign)

The project measures the amount of money annually stolen and diverted from education in Mexico, and holds a permanent campaign to advertise and display what could have been done in the education field in Mexico with the money that is lost to corruption. Additionally, “Fin al abuso” encourages citizens to join electronic campaigns and take legal action to demand that money spent on education is rightly used.

First campaign

Following up a three years movement named “Where is my teacher?”, Fin al abuso is leading a group of organizations demand for a single, complete and reliable registry of basic education teachers. The obligation to submit such registry was established in the enactment of the Mexican Federal Spending Decrees for 2010, 2011, and 2012; however, it does not exist so far.

Fin al Abuso, has detected (by name) 22,353 people, who are paid an income as teachers or principals, yet are not teaching. These people are the so-called “union commissioners” (UC) teacher union workers whose salaries cost Mexicans at least 1.7 billion pesos every year.

 Mexicanos Primero

“¡Fin al abuso!”  denounced this wrongdoing in 2012 and invited Mexicans to join the demand of more money to be allocated for education and less to be given to the Teachers Union.

The campaign collected signatures at public spaces, universities and forums; and had broad media presence in Mexico City, Tepic, Tijuana, Guadalajara and Monterrey.

In three months 230,240 citizens signed the campaign and 115 NGOs supported the initiative.

With each collected signature a letter demanding public resources to be well used was sent to the President of Mexico, the presidents of the Senate and House of Representatives, and the Ministers of Education and of Finance. If these Union Commissioners are essential to the SNTE (teachers’ union), then they should be paid from union dues deducted from teacher salaries. Those who signed received a reply from the federal authorities.

SEP (Secretariat of Public Education) and the SNTE reacted differing only in regards to the number of UC: SEP reported that there were “only12,704 commissioners whilst the SNTE admitted having over 160,000 commissioners.

In a second conference, Fin al Abuso published a document supported by the National Bar Association of Mexico (Ilustre y Nacional Colegio de Abogados de México) concluding that the payment of UC from the federal treasury is illegal.

 

 Twitter: @Finalabuso    •   YouTube: MexicanosPrimero  • Facebook: FinAlAbuso

Fighting corruption in the tax administration

The project aimed to: reduce the prerequisites for corruption in the Tax administration; to develop a program for fighting corruption in the tax administration; provide a system of indicators for evaluation of the progress in improving the service of the tax payers. Some of the project tools included: 1. a sociological survey; 2. in-depth interviews with officials form the tax administration; 3. developing Indexes for Measuring the Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Measures in the Tax Administration and in drafting a hypothetical scheme of VAT frauds with a view to designing better prevention measures for the latter. A preliminary presentation of the findings and proposed anti-corruption measures was delivered to an audience of experts in the area.

Public Awareness Raising

As part of the project the social and economic situation in Georgian regions was analyzed. Other activites within the project included publishing brochures, organizing workshop for statisticians, and conducting a survey on education. “Public guides” on every region prepared citizen’s guide to state budget were published in 1998 and 1999. Target groups: IC staff, elected council members.

Corruption in Estonia: analyzing 3 different target groups 2006

The Survey Corruption in Estonia: analyzing 3 different target groups at the first time was carried out 2004. In autumn 2006 the second survey was carried out. The objective of the survey was to fit answers to the following questions (and to communicate results via public debate):

1. How big problem is corruption in the opinion of the respondents
2.how is corruption defined and to what extent it is condemned

3.how far spread is corruption

4. how frequent is contact with corruption

5.how receptive are people to corruption

6. what is the potential damage caused by corruption

The survey was carried out in three parts: interviews with the general population of Estonia (503), entrepreneurs (500) and employees of the public sector (1321).

Results

Corruption was considered a problem by almost three-fourths of the population of Estonia and one-fourth of entrepreneurs.

Employees of the public sector are less tolerant of corruption.

Estonians are also less tolerant of corruption in comparison with other nationalities.

Corruption is considered to be more widespread in Tallinn. 3% of the people of Estonia and 12% of entrepreneurs have given a bribe.

15% of the entrepreneurs claim that they have been asked for a bribe.

14% of the population, 20% of entrepreneurs and 4% of public sector employees have experienced some form of corruption.

People admit very little of corruption, because they believe that it would be very difficult to prove and do not want to create further problems.

Perception of the spread of corruption and the reliability of state institutions are related phenomena.

Set in stone – honestly

In December 2008 Ruch Normalne Państwo and SAR and in cooperation with Forum Obywatelskiego Rozwoju, magazine ‘Murator’ and Cadera company released a report on corruption in construction sector in Poland. Information was gathered predominantly among the readers of the magazine, which is the most well known magazine in topic construction, via an on-line survey. The sample and outcomes bear a significant risk of being biased, nonetheless, the report is indicative about exemplary situations that a Pole encounter during an administrative process when she tries to acquire a construction/remodeling permission.

Development of a sustainable system for civil monitoring of the effectiveness and transparency of the work of the public administration and for overcoming the existing deficiencies of the administrative services for the citizens and for the business

The project aimed at increasing the transparency and accountability of the public administration through the creation of a sustainable system for inclusion of the civil society structures in the formulation and implementation activities of the public administration. In short, the project included: 1. an analysis of the current deficiencies in the work of the public administration with the citizens and the business; 2. formulation and development of mechanisms for improvement through analyses of best practices; 3. implementation of a sustainable system for cooperation that guarantees the constant involvement of the civil society actors in the practical implementation of the policies of the public administration in four pilot municipalities; 4. realization of seminars for the target groups concerning the European best practices of good governance.

Curbing corruption and promoting transparency in the work of municipal councils in Bulgaria

The project aimed at identifying corruption-generating practices in the work of local authorities. The project fulfillment included three stages: 1. an analysis of the Municipal Council documentation and the local newspapers; 2. a focus-group discussions with Municipal Councilors and community representatives for determining the target groups and spheres of competing interests; 3. social experiments in resolving typical cases in three of the selected municipals. As an outcome a Policy Paper and a Handbook comprising analytical material, suggestions for amending the Rules and Procedures of Municipal Councils’ functioning and for public feedback was developed.

Research project: monitoring of public expenditure and analysis of public auditing

This research project was focused on the monitroing of public sector, more precisely on poblic sector expenditure. This research was analyzing the organisational capacitites of public auditing agencies on the national and canton level, their efficiency, acting of audited subjects, the efficiency of prosecutor’s office and parlaments in regard to the auditing agecies reports. This research was focused also on the recommendations of public saving and unpaid claims in the public sector. One of the main activities in this project was the submission of the criminal charges against the responsible officers from the public tax offices as they didn’t assure the tax payment of millions of marks because they were corrupted. Other activitites (on voluntry basis) and in relation to this topic were focused on the (1)analysis and investigation of institutional efficiency in fight against organized crime and economic crime, mafia in building/construction sector and local governement officials’ abuse of powers (2) submisson of more than 30 criminal charges for organised crime, non legal construction activitites, war crimes, several millions of dammage (3) submission of 20 criminal charges in relation to the work of judges and state prosectuors (4) presentaiton of more than 10 solutions of identifed problems to the institutions in charge (5) submission of the propositon for the evaluation of the decision of the municipality which legalised the construction projects which were aginst the law (6) vivisbility activitites in relation to the above mentioned activitites

Developing conditions for better transparency and control of the governance through open and transparent procedures of public procurement

The aim of the project was to improve the transparency and accountability of the local administration, transforming it into a reliable business partner, through the application of procedures of good governance in the public procurement processes. The project activities included: 1. focus-groups with representatives of the local administration and business in order to define the major deficiencies in the public procurement process; 2. formation of a work group charged with the task to develop a report regarding the major problems and relevant policies for improvement of the public procurement procedures; 3. development of a “technical guidance document”” for the private sector aimed to help the business in the public procurement tenders; 4. development of an e-learning program for the target groups regarding the governance principles of the public procurement procedures.”

Civil Parliament – a model for improving the organizational work, control and monitoring in preventing the corruption and increasing the accountability of the municipal administration of the city of Koprivshtica

The project aimed at increasing the transparency, the organization and civil control over the work of the municipal administration in the city of Koprivshtica in order to achieve better governance at local level. The project activities included: 1. surveys assessing the transparency and accountability of the municipal administration; 2. assessment and evaluation of the structure and effectiveness of the governance procedures of the municipal administration and the provision of precise recommendations for improvement; 3. risk assessment of the potential for corruption practices in the work of the administration; 4. assessment of the strategic documents and legal framework concerning the governance of the municipality and development of measures and recommendations for improvement; 5. realization of public hearings and round tables (civil parliaments) aimed to define the major problems and needs with regard to transparency and control over the work of the administration; 6. variety of activities for dissemination of the project goals and results.

Transparent County Councils!?

The project aims to: 1. assess and improve the current state of affairs regarding performance reporting practices of Romanian county level political decision makers; 2. enhance policy-learning among local decision makers in performance reporting and the publishing of assessment results; 3. showcase best practice in performance reporting and directly target political decision makers with assessment results and recommendations on how to improve their performance reports; 4. raise public awareness on performance reporting practices of political decision makers.

Monitoring of corruptive practices in the area of municipal property management and public procurement in Bulgarian municipalities

Among the major project issues were deficiencies in the existing secondary legislation, high level of unawareness of the tools for citizen control and allegations of corruption in the municipal property management and public procurement. The project activities resulted in the development and provision of specialized know-how for monitoring corruptive practices and for the identification of the main types of corruptive practices in the area of municipal property management and public procurement at municipal level.

More honourable medicine treatment

The goal of the project was to assess the situation in terms of possible occurrence of corruption in various sub-sectors and elements, processes and institutions in the health care sector. TILS, in cooperation with other NGOs and the Ministry of Health, created a research concept and interviewed 402 doctors. Such an extensive study of this sector was conducted for the first time. The research indicated the least transparent and most corrupt areas of the interactions between doctors and pharmacists. Based on the study results TILS came up with 6 methods that were suggested to pharmaceutical companies and doctors how the situation could be improved.

Crime and Corruption Reporting Project

The goal is to help the people of the region better understand how organized crime and corruption affect their lives.

OCCRP seeks to provide in-depth investigative stories as well as the latest news pertaining to organized crime and corruption activities in the region. In addition to the stories, OCCRP is building an online resource center of documents related to organized crime including court records, laws, reports, studies, company records and other public documents that will be an invaluable resource center for journalists and the public alike.

The OCCRP project has been, or is, supported by grants from the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Open Society Foundations. Also on this site are projects funded in part or done in partnership with other organizations including SCOOP, the Center for Public Integrity (CPI) and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ).

OCCRP is a registered name of the Journalism Development Network, a Maryland-based charitable organization (501(c)3).

Source: OCCRP

Secret client – development of mechanisms for better accessibility to information, transparency and accountability of the municipal administration

The major goal of the project was to develop mechanisms for better information accessibility, transparency and accountability of the municipal administration. The project foresee the incorporation of these mechanisms at targeted municipalities. Those mechanisms that work well were then multiplied and disseminated to other local administrations. In particular, the initiative included: 1. analyses of best practices with regard to transparency and accountability within different local administration in EU countries; 2. analyses of the current deficiencies in the targeted municipalities in the country; 3. development of specific recommendations and a “technical guideline for municipal transparency””. 4. dissemination of the results to other municipal administrations in the country.”

Social roots of the various types and forms for corruption practices in the higher education in Bulgaria (typological model of the most typical cases and strategies for counteraction)

The project aimed at providing analysis of the prerequisites and the conditions for corruption in the higher education, types of corruption in the universities and elaboration of a strategy for curbing corruption. The main project activities included qualitative studies – content and documentary analysis, expert assessments and evaluations.

The citizens and the municipality – partners for transparent and effective local administration

The aim of the project was to increase the transparency, accountability and effectiveness of the municipal administration in Bulgaria by creating bridges between the civil society structures and the local authorities. The initiative included: 1. survey and analysis of the existing working practices of the Bulgarian local administration; 2. development of precise measures for improvement at national level; 3. development and realization of educational seminars and workshops for the targeted groups; 4. dissemination of the results of the project.

Corruption Research Centre

This is an academic research institute within the Corvinus University of Budapest where the scholars are not only doing academic work but actively engaging in promoting their findings, collaborating with other NGOs (e.g. Energy Control Project, TI-HU), and seeking media coverage of uncovered corrupt cases.

Raising transparency through advocacy: challenges in fighting corruption

The basic goal of the project was to assist in raising the respectability of the Bulgarian democratic process and the transparency in the work of public institutions in three spheres: healthcare, the judiciary and public procurement. The implementation of the project took place in three main stages: In the first stage, the bulk of activities was concentrated on conducting a series of analyses and research identifying the basic deficits in the legislation and its application in the three spheres. The second stage focused on creating and maintaining a network of NGOs and media partners for the purpose of information exchange. In short, the results were: conducted surveys and analyses; established cooperation with NGOs and public institutions; two national round tables for information dissemination and exchange.

Stimulating transparency in the NGO sector

The main aim – to assess the situation in the third sector in terms of transparency and accountability. No such tries were done before neither by TI, nor any other organisation. TILS interviewed 600 NGOs based on TILS’ created questionnaire. Based on the results of the study to draft an NGO transparency and accountability primer. To raise awareness of NGOs themselves, but also donors, state institutions and the general public on the issue.

Crime and culture

The research project aimed to develop means to optimize corruption prevention in the EU. urgency of such a project was reflected in the fact that corruption holds the potential to retard seriously the process of the Community’s enlargement and integration, even to the extent of threatening the very core of its concept of social order. The prevention policies that have been developed by the EU and implemented so far within individual member countries have in general been characterized by legislative, administrative and police force measures. These are based on a definition of corruption prevention developed in political and administrative institutions that, for its implementation, rely on a “top-down“ procedure. The research project purported to conduct not an inquiry into the nature of corruption “as such“, but rather into the perceptions of corruption held by political and administrative decision-makers in specific regions and cultures, those held by actors representing various institutions and authorities, and above all by the citizens and the media in European societies.