Public Awareness Raising

As part of the project the social and economic situation in Georgian regions was analyzed. Other activites within the project included publishing brochures, organizing workshop for statisticians, and conducting a survey on education. “Public guides” on every region prepared citizen’s guide to state budget were published in 1998 and 1999. Target groups: IC staff, elected council members.

Corruption in Estonia: analyzing 3 different target groups 2006

The Survey Corruption in Estonia: analyzing 3 different target groups at the first time was carried out 2004. In autumn 2006 the second survey was carried out. The objective of the survey was to fit answers to the following questions (and to communicate results via public debate):

1. How big problem is corruption in the opinion of the respondents
2.how is corruption defined and to what extent it is condemned

3.how far spread is corruption

4. how frequent is contact with corruption

5.how receptive are people to corruption

6. what is the potential damage caused by corruption

The survey was carried out in three parts: interviews with the general population of Estonia (503), entrepreneurs (500) and employees of the public sector (1321).

Results

Corruption was considered a problem by almost three-fourths of the population of Estonia and one-fourth of entrepreneurs.

Employees of the public sector are less tolerant of corruption.

Estonians are also less tolerant of corruption in comparison with other nationalities.

Corruption is considered to be more widespread in Tallinn. 3% of the people of Estonia and 12% of entrepreneurs have given a bribe.

15% of the entrepreneurs claim that they have been asked for a bribe.

14% of the population, 20% of entrepreneurs and 4% of public sector employees have experienced some form of corruption.

People admit very little of corruption, because they believe that it would be very difficult to prove and do not want to create further problems.

Perception of the spread of corruption and the reliability of state institutions are related phenomena.

Set in stone – honestly

In December 2008 Ruch Normalne Państwo and SAR and in cooperation with Forum Obywatelskiego Rozwoju, magazine ‘Murator’ and Cadera company released a report on corruption in construction sector in Poland. Information was gathered predominantly among the readers of the magazine, which is the most well known magazine in topic construction, via an on-line survey. The sample and outcomes bear a significant risk of being biased, nonetheless, the report is indicative about exemplary situations that a Pole encounter during an administrative process when she tries to acquire a construction/remodeling permission.

Development of a sustainable system for civil monitoring of the effectiveness and transparency of the work of the public administration and for overcoming the existing deficiencies of the administrative services for the citizens and for the business

The project aimed at increasing the transparency and accountability of the public administration through the creation of a sustainable system for inclusion of the civil society structures in the formulation and implementation activities of the public administration. In short, the project included: 1. an analysis of the current deficiencies in the work of the public administration with the citizens and the business; 2. formulation and development of mechanisms for improvement through analyses of best practices; 3. implementation of a sustainable system for cooperation that guarantees the constant involvement of the civil society actors in the practical implementation of the policies of the public administration in four pilot municipalities; 4. realization of seminars for the target groups concerning the European best practices of good governance.

Curbing corruption and promoting transparency in the work of municipal councils in Bulgaria

The project aimed at identifying corruption-generating practices in the work of local authorities. The project fulfillment included three stages: 1. an analysis of the Municipal Council documentation and the local newspapers; 2. a focus-group discussions with Municipal Councilors and community representatives for determining the target groups and spheres of competing interests; 3. social experiments in resolving typical cases in three of the selected municipals. As an outcome a Policy Paper and a Handbook comprising analytical material, suggestions for amending the Rules and Procedures of Municipal Councils’ functioning and for public feedback was developed.

Research project: monitoring of public expenditure and analysis of public auditing

This research project was focused on the monitroing of public sector, more precisely on poblic sector expenditure. This research was analyzing the organisational capacitites of public auditing agencies on the national and canton level, their efficiency, acting of audited subjects, the efficiency of prosecutor’s office and parlaments in regard to the auditing agecies reports. This research was focused also on the recommendations of public saving and unpaid claims in the public sector. One of the main activities in this project was the submission of the criminal charges against the responsible officers from the public tax offices as they didn’t assure the tax payment of millions of marks because they were corrupted. Other activitites (on voluntry basis) and in relation to this topic were focused on the (1)analysis and investigation of institutional efficiency in fight against organized crime and economic crime, mafia in building/construction sector and local governement officials’ abuse of powers (2) submisson of more than 30 criminal charges for organised crime, non legal construction activitites, war crimes, several millions of dammage (3) submission of 20 criminal charges in relation to the work of judges and state prosectuors (4) presentaiton of more than 10 solutions of identifed problems to the institutions in charge (5) submission of the propositon for the evaluation of the decision of the municipality which legalised the construction projects which were aginst the law (6) vivisbility activitites in relation to the above mentioned activitites

Developing conditions for better transparency and control of the governance through open and transparent procedures of public procurement

The aim of the project was to improve the transparency and accountability of the local administration, transforming it into a reliable business partner, through the application of procedures of good governance in the public procurement processes. The project activities included: 1. focus-groups with representatives of the local administration and business in order to define the major deficiencies in the public procurement process; 2. formation of a work group charged with the task to develop a report regarding the major problems and relevant policies for improvement of the public procurement procedures; 3. development of a “technical guidance document”” for the private sector aimed to help the business in the public procurement tenders; 4. development of an e-learning program for the target groups regarding the governance principles of the public procurement procedures.”

Civil Parliament – a model for improving the organizational work, control and monitoring in preventing the corruption and increasing the accountability of the municipal administration of the city of Koprivshtica

The project aimed at increasing the transparency, the organization and civil control over the work of the municipal administration in the city of Koprivshtica in order to achieve better governance at local level. The project activities included: 1. surveys assessing the transparency and accountability of the municipal administration; 2. assessment and evaluation of the structure and effectiveness of the governance procedures of the municipal administration and the provision of precise recommendations for improvement; 3. risk assessment of the potential for corruption practices in the work of the administration; 4. assessment of the strategic documents and legal framework concerning the governance of the municipality and development of measures and recommendations for improvement; 5. realization of public hearings and round tables (civil parliaments) aimed to define the major problems and needs with regard to transparency and control over the work of the administration; 6. variety of activities for dissemination of the project goals and results.

Transparent County Councils!?

The project aims to: 1. assess and improve the current state of affairs regarding performance reporting practices of Romanian county level political decision makers; 2. enhance policy-learning among local decision makers in performance reporting and the publishing of assessment results; 3. showcase best practice in performance reporting and directly target political decision makers with assessment results and recommendations on how to improve their performance reports; 4. raise public awareness on performance reporting practices of political decision makers.

Monitoring of corruptive practices in the area of municipal property management and public procurement in Bulgarian municipalities

Among the major project issues were deficiencies in the existing secondary legislation, high level of unawareness of the tools for citizen control and allegations of corruption in the municipal property management and public procurement. The project activities resulted in the development and provision of specialized know-how for monitoring corruptive practices and for the identification of the main types of corruptive practices in the area of municipal property management and public procurement at municipal level.

More honourable medicine treatment

The goal of the project was to assess the situation in terms of possible occurrence of corruption in various sub-sectors and elements, processes and institutions in the health care sector. TILS, in cooperation with other NGOs and the Ministry of Health, created a research concept and interviewed 402 doctors. Such an extensive study of this sector was conducted for the first time. The research indicated the least transparent and most corrupt areas of the interactions between doctors and pharmacists. Based on the study results TILS came up with 6 methods that were suggested to pharmaceutical companies and doctors how the situation could be improved.

Crime and Corruption Reporting Project

The goal is to help the people of the region better understand how organized crime and corruption affect their lives.

OCCRP seeks to provide in-depth investigative stories as well as the latest news pertaining to organized crime and corruption activities in the region. In addition to the stories, OCCRP is building an online resource center of documents related to organized crime including court records, laws, reports, studies, company records and other public documents that will be an invaluable resource center for journalists and the public alike.

The OCCRP project has been, or is, supported by grants from the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Open Society Foundations. Also on this site are projects funded in part or done in partnership with other organizations including SCOOP, the Center for Public Integrity (CPI) and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ).

OCCRP is a registered name of the Journalism Development Network, a Maryland-based charitable organization (501(c)3).

Source: OCCRP

Secret client – development of mechanisms for better accessibility to information, transparency and accountability of the municipal administration

The major goal of the project was to develop mechanisms for better information accessibility, transparency and accountability of the municipal administration. The project foresee the incorporation of these mechanisms at targeted municipalities. Those mechanisms that work well were then multiplied and disseminated to other local administrations. In particular, the initiative included: 1. analyses of best practices with regard to transparency and accountability within different local administration in EU countries; 2. analyses of the current deficiencies in the targeted municipalities in the country; 3. development of specific recommendations and a “technical guideline for municipal transparency””. 4. dissemination of the results to other municipal administrations in the country.”

Social roots of the various types and forms for corruption practices in the higher education in Bulgaria (typological model of the most typical cases and strategies for counteraction)

The project aimed at providing analysis of the prerequisites and the conditions for corruption in the higher education, types of corruption in the universities and elaboration of a strategy for curbing corruption. The main project activities included qualitative studies – content and documentary analysis, expert assessments and evaluations.

The citizens and the municipality – partners for transparent and effective local administration

The aim of the project was to increase the transparency, accountability and effectiveness of the municipal administration in Bulgaria by creating bridges between the civil society structures and the local authorities. The initiative included: 1. survey and analysis of the existing working practices of the Bulgarian local administration; 2. development of precise measures for improvement at national level; 3. development and realization of educational seminars and workshops for the targeted groups; 4. dissemination of the results of the project.

Corruption Research Centre

This is an academic research institute within the Corvinus University of Budapest where the scholars are not only doing academic work but actively engaging in promoting their findings, collaborating with other NGOs (e.g. Energy Control Project, TI-HU), and seeking media coverage of uncovered corrupt cases.

Raising transparency through advocacy: challenges in fighting corruption

The basic goal of the project was to assist in raising the respectability of the Bulgarian democratic process and the transparency in the work of public institutions in three spheres: healthcare, the judiciary and public procurement. The implementation of the project took place in three main stages: In the first stage, the bulk of activities was concentrated on conducting a series of analyses and research identifying the basic deficits in the legislation and its application in the three spheres. The second stage focused on creating and maintaining a network of NGOs and media partners for the purpose of information exchange. In short, the results were: conducted surveys and analyses; established cooperation with NGOs and public institutions; two national round tables for information dissemination and exchange.

Stimulating transparency in the NGO sector

The main aim – to assess the situation in the third sector in terms of transparency and accountability. No such tries were done before neither by TI, nor any other organisation. TILS interviewed 600 NGOs based on TILS’ created questionnaire. Based on the results of the study to draft an NGO transparency and accountability primer. To raise awareness of NGOs themselves, but also donors, state institutions and the general public on the issue.