Fighting corruption in the tax administration

The project aimed to: reduce the prerequisites for corruption in the Tax administration; to develop a program for fighting corruption in the tax administration; provide a system of indicators for evaluation of the progress in improving the service of the tax payers. Some of the project tools included: 1. a sociological survey; 2. in-depth interviews with officials form the tax administration; 3. developing Indexes for Measuring the Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Measures in the Tax Administration and in drafting a hypothetical scheme of VAT frauds with a view to designing better prevention measures for the latter. A preliminary presentation of the findings and proposed anti-corruption measures was delivered to an audience of experts in the area.

Secret client – development of mechanisms for better accessibility to information, transparency and accountability of the municipal administration

The major goal of the project was to develop mechanisms for better information accessibility, transparency and accountability of the municipal administration. The project foresee the incorporation of these mechanisms at targeted municipalities. Those mechanisms that work well were then multiplied and disseminated to other local administrations. In particular, the initiative included: 1. analyses of best practices with regard to transparency and accountability within different local administration in EU countries; 2. analyses of the current deficiencies in the targeted municipalities in the country; 3. development of specific recommendations and a “technical guideline for municipal transparency””. 4. dissemination of the results to other municipal administrations in the country.”

The citizens and the municipality – partners for transparent and effective local administration

The aim of the project was to increase the transparency, accountability and effectiveness of the municipal administration in Bulgaria by creating bridges between the civil society structures and the local authorities. The initiative included: 1. survey and analysis of the existing working practices of the Bulgarian local administration; 2. development of precise measures for improvement at national level; 3. development and realization of educational seminars and workshops for the targeted groups; 4. dissemination of the results of the project.

Administration close to us, partner for everyone

The aim of the project was to increase the transparency in the work of four municipal administrations in the region of Gabrovo by increasing their accountability and accessibility to citizens. The main activities included: 1. development and dissemination of an information bulletin “Dialogue”” and creation of a web site for the news campaign regarding the work of the targeted municipalities; 2. realization of a radio program dedicated to the project main goal; 3. realization of several conferences with representatives of the civil society, the business and local authorities on the issues of transparency and accountability of the municipal administration.”

Monitoring of corruptive practices in the area of municipal property management and public procurement in Bulgarian municipalities

Among the major project issues were deficiencies in the existing secondary legislation, high level of unawareness of the tools for citizen control and allegations of corruption in the municipal property management and public procurement. The project activities resulted in the development and provision of specialized know-how for monitoring corruptive practices and for the identification of the main types of corruptive practices in the area of municipal property management and public procurement at municipal level.

Initiative for civic culture

The project aimed to introduce anti-corruption education in the high-schools in order to: improve the civic education at school and the legal knowledge of the students (their civic rights and obligations); initiate new alternative forms of education and social contacts; encourage young people with leadership abilities and interests to receive professional realization in the sphere of public administration; to transfer the idea of intolerance among the youth to the problems resulting from the corruption in the society.

More active civil society – more trust in the work of the local administration

The project aimed to improve the cooperation between the structures of the civil society and the public administration in the Southwest region (NUTS II) in Bulgaria in order to: improve the civil control and monitoring; prevent the corruptive practices; and increase the accountability of the administration. The project included: 1. survey of the public opinion in the region regarding the work, transparency and accountability of the local and regional administrations; 2. realization of educational seminars for representatives of the civil society regarding mechanisms for monitoring, control and prevention of corruption in the administration; 3. realization of round tables with representatives from the civil society sector and the public administration; 5. development of a web site of the initiative.

Sofia University legal database

The project aimed to a transparent control and management system to oversee and update university regulations and departmental decisions concerning students, administrative and academic staff. By doing so, the project aimed to increase the transparency and accountability of the academic institution and to incorporate practices of good governance. The project was realized in the course of Coalition 2000 and USAID Open Government Initiative Project: “Civil Society Against Corruption”” – Small Grants Program.”

Political corruption: Challenges and mechanisms for counteraction

The goals of the project were: 1. development of a system for monitoring and evaluation of the political corruption in the country. 2. finding a public consensus over the costs for the society as a result of the political corruption. 3. accumulation of mechanisms for counteraction against political corruption and the development of a capacity at political party level in order to implement the necessary mechanisms. The project outputs were: comparative legal analyses of the problems concerning the financing of political parties; development of an Index measuring the transparency in the election campaigns; development of an educational methodology and the realization of training’s for the specific target groups.

Crime and culture

The research project aimed to develop means to optimize corruption prevention in the EU. urgency of such a project was reflected in the fact that corruption holds the potential to retard seriously the process of the Community’s enlargement and integration, even to the extent of threatening the very core of its concept of social order. The prevention policies that have been developed by the EU and implemented so far within individual member countries have in general been characterized by legislative, administrative and police force measures. These are based on a definition of corruption prevention developed in political and administrative institutions that, for its implementation, rely on a “top-down“ procedure. The research project purported to conduct not an inquiry into the nature of corruption “as such“, but rather into the perceptions of corruption held by political and administrative decision-makers in specific regions and cultures, those held by actors representing various institutions and authorities, and above all by the citizens and the media in European societies.

Education without corruption

The project aimed to initiate a dialogue between state authorities, academic institutions and civic organizations with the purpose to create basis for fighting corrupt practices in the secondary and higher education in Bulgaria. Some of its main activities included: 1. Publication of a collection of articles outlining the objectives of the project; 2. Four public round table discussions; 3. Discussion forum in Culture newspaper.

National Students Initiative “I Do Not Bribe!”

The project National Students Initiative “I Do Not Bribe!” was launched on 10 December, 2003. The team focused its efforts in 1) the development of the Anticorruption Education web site and 2) The preparation of two corruption-related web-based surveys.

The site was launched on 23 February, 2004 at http://www.VObg.net/.

A year after its launch the web site is already quite popular among its target audience: students, professors, journalists, state and civil organizations related to higher education. The registered daily number of visitors is 400, the weekly is 2,000, while monthly the site is visited by 8,000 people.

In March and April 2004 the project team developed two questionnaires for web-based surveys:

The general public survey conducted through the Anticorruption Education web site aimed to study public perceptions to corruption in higher education.

The specialized surveys were published on the web sites of New Bulgarian University, the Technical University of Gabrovo and Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. They targeted solely the users of these particular web sites and aimed to survey whether the students/professors from these establishments think their university environment is corrupt and to what extent they are prepared to counter corruption practices. A total of 137 people took the three specialized surveys.

On 28 April, 2004 the findings of the general web survey and the three specialized ones were presented at a press conference at the Bulgarian News Agency.

On 18 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Technical University of Gabrovo.

On 20 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. The discussion brought together students and professors from all institutes of higher education in Plovdiv.

The round-table participants stressed the apathy and indifference characteristic of a large number of university students. The Student Council chairman from the Agricultural University admitted that students rarely referred to the Council for any kind of assistance or problem solving.

On 26 October, 2004 the third round table was held with students and lecturers at the New Bulgarian University. The results from the university specialized survey were announced and the vice rector Mr. Lyudmil Georgiev gave a commentary speech on them.

On 1 December, 2004 the closing project press conference was held at which the week of no corruption at the three partner universities was announced. The project team gave an overview of what was done under the project and to what effects. During the no-corruption academic week the team distributed its publication, the Anticorruption Notebook at the three universities.

The Anticorruption Notebook was intended as a concise but comprehensive collection of all anti-corruption measures, corruption scandals and abuses of the system of higher education in Bulgaria in the last seven years. It is divided into two large sections, the first presenting findings from all previous university corruption surveys, and the second describing several notorious corruption scandals.

 

Source: Bulgarian Anticorruption Portal

Sharing and partnering for applying the UN Global Compact Principles in Bulgaria

The overall aim of the project was the constitution of Global Compact’s network governance structure in Bulgaria as well as the strengthening and increasing the role of the local network in view of the future governance of the GC initiative in Bulgaria.The project included three main components: traveling seminar, Global Compact Network Retreat and Global Compact plus three national forums. The initiative was implemented in partnership with leading business and non business associations in Bulgaria.

Program for monitoring and evaluation of the financing of the presidential electoral campaign in Bulgaria

The project was launched after the invitation by the Initiative Committee of Mr.P.Stoyanov and Mrs.N.Kutzkova that TI-Bulgaria should act as an independent, non-partisan civil society organization to conduct the monitoring of the financing of their electoral campaign. TI-Bulgaria elaborated an unprecedented for Southeast Europe program for independent civil control over the fundraising process, the donations and the expenditures within the electoral campaign.