The goals of the project were: 1. development of a system for monitoring and evaluation of the political corruption in the country. 2. finding a public consensus over the costs for the society as a result of the political corruption. 3. accumulation of mechanisms for counteraction against political corruption and the development of a capacity at political party level in order to implement the necessary mechanisms. The project outputs were: comparative legal analyses of the problems concerning the financing of political parties; development of an Index measuring the transparency in the election campaigns; development of an educational methodology and the realization of training’s for the specific target groups.
The research project aimed to develop means to optimize corruption prevention in the EU. urgency of such a project was reflected in the fact that corruption holds the potential to retard seriously the process of the Community’s enlargement and integration, even to the extent of threatening the very core of its concept of social order. The prevention policies that have been developed by the EU and implemented so far within individual member countries have in general been characterized by legislative, administrative and police force measures. These are based on a definition of corruption prevention developed in political and administrative institutions that, for its implementation, rely on a “top-down“ procedure. The research project purported to conduct not an inquiry into the nature of corruption “as such“, but rather into the perceptions of corruption held by political and administrative decision-makers in specific regions and cultures, those held by actors representing various institutions and authorities, and above all by the citizens and the media in European societies.
The project aimed to initiate a dialogue between state authorities, academic institutions and civic organizations with the purpose to create basis for fighting corrupt practices in the secondary and higher education in Bulgaria. Some of its main activities included: 1. Publication of a collection of articles outlining the objectives of the project; 2. Four public round table discussions; 3. Discussion forum in Culture newspaper.
The project National Students Initiative “I Do Not Bribe!” was launched on 10 December, 2003. The team focused its efforts in 1) the development of the Anticorruption Education web site and 2) The preparation of two corruption-related web-based surveys.
The site was launched on 23 February, 2004 at http://www.VObg.net/.
A year after its launch the web site is already quite popular among its target audience: students, professors, journalists, state and civil organizations related to higher education. The registered daily number of visitors is 400, the weekly is 2,000, while monthly the site is visited by 8,000 people.
In March and April 2004 the project team developed two questionnaires for web-based surveys:
The general public survey conducted through the Anticorruption Education web site aimed to study public perceptions to corruption in higher education.
The specialized surveys were published on the web sites of New Bulgarian University, the Technical University of Gabrovo and Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. They targeted solely the users of these particular web sites and aimed to survey whether the students/professors from these establishments think their university environment is corrupt and to what extent they are prepared to counter corruption practices. A total of 137 people took the three specialized surveys.
On 28 April, 2004 the findings of the general web survey and the three specialized ones were presented at a press conference at the Bulgarian News Agency.
On 18 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Technical University of Gabrovo.
On 20 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. The discussion brought together students and professors from all institutes of higher education in Plovdiv.
The round-table participants stressed the apathy and indifference characteristic of a large number of university students. The Student Council chairman from the Agricultural University admitted that students rarely referred to the Council for any kind of assistance or problem solving.
On 26 October, 2004 the third round table was held with students and lecturers at the New Bulgarian University. The results from the university specialized survey were announced and the vice rector Mr. Lyudmil Georgiev gave a commentary speech on them.
On 1 December, 2004 the closing project press conference was held at which the week of no corruption at the three partner universities was announced. The project team gave an overview of what was done under the project and to what effects. During the no-corruption academic week the team distributed its publication, the Anticorruption Notebook at the three universities.
The Anticorruption Notebook was intended as a concise but comprehensive collection of all anti-corruption measures, corruption scandals and abuses of the system of higher education in Bulgaria in the last seven years. It is divided into two large sections, the first presenting findings from all previous university corruption surveys, and the second describing several notorious corruption scandals.
Source: Bulgarian Anticorruption Portal
The overall aim of the project was the constitution of Global Compact’s network governance structure in Bulgaria as well as the strengthening and increasing the role of the local network in view of the future governance of the GC initiative in Bulgaria.The project included three main components: traveling seminar, Global Compact Network Retreat and Global Compact plus three national forums. The initiative was implemented in partnership with leading business and non business associations in Bulgaria.
The project was launched after the invitation by the Initiative Committee of Mr.P.Stoyanov and Mrs.N.Kutzkova that TI-Bulgaria should act as an independent, non-partisan civil society organization to conduct the monitoring of the financing of their electoral campaign. TI-Bulgaria elaborated an unprecedented for Southeast Europe program for independent civil control over the fundraising process, the donations and the expenditures within the electoral campaign.
The project builds on a similar project being implemented in Romania and is designed to address the issue of local government integrity in ten Bulgarian big and mid-size municipalities. The overriding goal of the project was to formulate and implement local integrity policies designed to institutionalize civic participation in drafting and instituting procedural and administrative safeguards against misuse of position and institutional corruption in the local administration; ensure that both society and local government are stakeholders of the policies. The overall aim of the project was to develop transparency and integrity of local government in Bulgaria, as a pre-requisite for the development of a truly democratic society, which is able to face and solve problems that might otherwise endanger justice, communication and transparent management of local administration.
The project aimed at introducing anti-corruption education in the secondary schools trough the elaboration of an applied pedagogical model with the participation of teachers, pupils and parents. Some of its expected results were:
- Analysis of corruption in the secondary education, review of the international experience in civil education;
- Teaching syllabus and programs;
- Methodological manual for teachers;
- Training seminar with teachers;
- Pilot model approbation;
- Information and media campaign
The project was launched as the project team consisting of experts and an administrative assistant was made up and they took to performing the scheduled activities.
An empirical sociological survey was conducted among secondary school students, teachers and parents from Sofia. Its findings were crucial for the project’s goal since the particular corruption practices, attitudes and perceptions could be incorporated into civil and anti-corruption curricula. The sample covered 193 students, 128 parents and 129 teachers.The surveyed units were defined through a two-stage cluster sample. This sample was representative for the groups surveyed (secondary school students, parents and teachers) from the city of Sofia.
On 27 February, 2004 a press conference informing about the launch of the project was delivered at the press club of the Sofia Press Agency. It was attended by representatives of partner organizations and reporters from over ten media.
A series of working meetings were held with the managing staff and boards of trustees of the two schools where the core part of the project was to be carried out: 135th Secondary General School Jan Amos Komenski and the National Secondary School of Trade and Banking. The meetings served to negotiate the project activity schedule, the responsibilities of the parties, and the manner of communication in the course of the project. Teachers that were to take part in the project were also selected.
The sociological survey findings were processed. The statistics received was rather valuable in terms of the implications it had for the education process in the following project stages. The data drawn from the interviews complemented the information gathered in the two focus groups from the first trimester which featured 17 randomly selected secondary school teachers. The main causes of secondary school corruption as defined with the help of these two tools were:
• the general crisis of values in society;
• the crisis of family relations and family upbringing;
• the lack of basic material comfort and education facilities at schools;
• teacher underpayment;
• the sense of impunity;
• the lack of effective anti-corruption actions on the part of the public authorities (especially the judiciary);
• the public schools funding system which lags far behind modern requirements;
• the fuzzy rules on private tutoring by public school teachers;
• violations in the entrance competitions at top-rating secondary schools.
Anti-corruption syllabi and curricula were developed consisting of separate modules fairly independent in contents. These modules were roughly based on the Anti-Corruption Manual previously developed by Coalition 2000. Model lesson plans were prepared for teachers to use during the try-out phase of the curricula. These included elements such as projects, role plays, group work, and a number of extracurricular and out-of-school activities. They involved an interdisciplinary approach with the possibility of using the plans in various academic subjects as well in special lessons in the weekly class-focused sessions.
One of the project’s main lines of activity was teacher training aimed at enhancing teachers’ skills in civic education and anti-corruption. Their first training seminar was held on 12 -13 November 2004 at the Secondary School of Trade and Banking. It was attended by 30 teachers from the two target schools including their principals. The seminar was devoted to Methodology of Anti-Corruption Education Instruction.
On 26 November, 2004 the sequel of the on-site teacher training was held at the other participating school 135th School Jan Amos Komenski at which fourteen more teachers were trained. Among the training’s main topics were:
• civic education in EU countries;
• planning the education process;
• the essay as a testing tool.
On 29-30 January 2005, at its closing conference the project team announced its secondary school corruption survey findings from the study it conducted in the two Sofia-based schools in 2004. The organizers also presented an electronic manual containing methodological hints, model curricula and teaching aids for possible anti-corruption courses at secondary schools. Its main highlights are:
• details about the Elisaveta Klark and Penka Kasabova Association;
• review of the project’s theoretical background;
• teacher training within the project;
• presentation of survey findings;
• foreign experience in civil education;
• modern approaches to education planning (model syllabi, lesson plans, etc.);
• innovative teaching methods;
• contemporary methods for student evaluation.
The project aimed to bring about a change in the regulation and grant people the right to receive legal assistance. Its main activities included: 1. data collection and analysis of the system for providing legal assistance by the officially appointed defense lawyers and attorneys; 2.qualitative and quantitative data accumulation and processing concerning the process of providing legal assistance in cases of defense provided by the state; 3. alternative model testing for providing legal assistance by the so-called Legal Assistance Bureau; 4. analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative methods for improving the quality of legal assistance and formulating a public policy by means of which an alternative can be applied.
The project was provoked by the need to facilitate the creation of an effectively functioning independent and transparent judicial system in Bulgaria and was concentrated on two main activity lines. The first included assessment of the effects and challenges of procedural reorganization provoked by the introduction of newly implemented anti-corruption policies for raising the effectiveness of court administration (implemented by a social survey in four district courts, a legal analysis and a national on-line survey). The second activity line envisaged the provision of an auspicious ground for discussing the results of the conducted surveys, including the located trends in public opinion, and creating concrete proposals for new policies and practices that are able to further facilitate the ongoing process of modernization in the work of courts (implemented by a national round table).
The primary goal of the project was to promote integrity in political financing and to increase the level of integrity of the democratic process in general. By implementing the project objectives TI-Bulgaria aimed to propose a comprehensive approach, including new forms of promoting transparency in political life through the implementation of a new mechanism for monitoring political financing – the Integrity Pact concept. Other specific objectives included the promotion of an effective dialogue between civil society and political actors for the mechanisms and standards of a transparent political financing process.
The project seeks to improve the role of the structures of the civil society in the city of Gabrovo in the formulation of policies and programs at municipal level. Some of the main project activities were: 1. realization of surveys aimed to define the main problems and deficiencies in communication between the local administration and the civil society at large; 2. monitoring activities regarding the work of the administration and development of precise recommendations for improvement; 3. organization and realization of round tables with representatives from the civil society and experts from the municipal administration aimed to encourage the dialogue and partnership between the two target groups; 4. realization of educational seminars regarding the civil control over the work of the administration; 5. realization of a regional information campaign “Civil society organizations – factor for increasing the transparency and accountability of the municipal administration””.; 6. development of precise recommendations for the public administration on how to incorporate good practices and procedures, which will ease the access to information for the citizens and the business and engage the civil society into the decision making process regarding the provision of services of general public interest.”
The goal of the project was to examine the practices of data-collection, reporting, and analysis of performance data in the Bulgarian judicial system. Since by that moment there was no systemic analysis of the operation of the judiciary as a whole, the idea behind the project was to introduce a list of key indicators which will track its performance, and will both make its functioning more transparent to the public, and provide a more precise policy-making instrument to the Supreme Judicial Council.
The aim of the project was to improve the transparency and accountability of the local administration, transforming it into a reliable business partner, through the application of procedures of good governance in the public procurement processes. The project activities included: 1. focus-groups with representatives of the local administration and business in order to define the major deficiencies in the public procurement process; 2. formation of a work group charged with the task to develop a report regarding the major problems and relevant policies for improvement of the public procurement procedures; 3. development of a “technical guidance document”” for the private sector aimed to help the business in the public procurement tenders; 4. development of an e-learning program for the target groups regarding the governance principles of the public procurement procedures.”
The project main objective is to make an evaluation of the procedures, related to the drawing up and spending the state budget and budget surplus, and to work out recommendations for enhanced transparency and efficiency of the budgetary process. Project implementation tools include: 1. expert studying of the budgetary process; 2. legal framework analysis; 3. of the practices for the last three years; 4. identification of strengths and weaknesses, threats and opportunities (SWOT analysis); 5. focus group, consisting of representatives of the executive power (Ministry of Finance, a Ministry, Agency for Economic Analysis and Forecasting, National Audit Office, a member of parliament); 6. drawing up recommendations for: legislative changes; improvement of the institutional coordination within the process; 7. conference presenting the results of the study and the recommendations on the budgetary process to interested persons and institutions.
On the basis of in-depth study of starters’ and businessmen’ perception of corruption a business ethics codes were elaborated. The project launched triggering public debate, challenging the administrative bottlenecks and preparation and promotion of new academic course “Business ethics”.