Lithuania

Lithuania has managed to construct good constraints to corruption both on the side of government and civil society/freedom of the press, with a dense public accountability mechanisms net and good access to information. While administrative burden is manageable, the risk exists that too many anticorruption rules become a burden in themselves. Progress on e-government can solve that. There is still some room to improve fiscal transparency and accountability of the judiciary.

A Diagnosis of Corruption in Lithuania

Although Lithuania has done ostensibly much to fight corruption in the last 20 years and especially since the start of the accession talks with the EU, the actual impact of these anti-corruption measures has been questionable. This is due to the fact that even though a strong and comprehensive anti-corruption law base was established, the country’s law enforcement is very weak. Civil society in Lithuania is also weak and has little influence in policy making, especially when it comes to the field of anti-corruption. Here, Transparency International Lithuanian Chapter is an exceptional case, being the only NGO in Lithuania working exclusively in this field.

A Diagnosis of Corruption in Lithuania

Although Lithuania has done ostensibly much to fight corruption in the last 20 years and especially since the start of the accession talks with the EU, the actual impact of these anti-corruption measures has been questionable. This is due to the fact that even though a strong and comprehensive anti-corruption law base was established, the country’s law enforcement is very weak. Civil society in Lithuania is also weak and has little influence in policy making, especially when it comes to the field of anti-corruption. Here, Transparency International Lithuanian Chapter is an exceptional case, being the only NGO in Lithuania working exclusively in this field.

kysiai.lt

The goal of the project is to play part in fighting corruption in Lithuania by encouraging people to openly discuss about corruption and the ways to fight it, talk about known cases of corruption. The website includes a possibility to inform about giving/taking of bribes. People are using this opportunity, they are anonymously telling about the cases of corruption. These letters are then given to the Special Investigation Services.

Development and Dissemination of Programmes of Anti-Corruption Education

This project prolongs activities started with the project “Education against Corruption”” (2002-2003). The project was aimed to form values and develop skills, that form young people and their educators’ civic attitudes towards corruption. During the project: Training workshops for project participants delivered; Additional teaching materials for teachers prepared; In-service training programme “”Possibilities of Anti-corruption Education at a School of General Education”” developed and tested in pilot seminars; Project trainers from nine Lithuanian schools prepared; The integrated programme of anti-corruption education for a school of general education improved; Strategic plans of corruption prevention prepared in nine municipalities.”

Education against corruption

The project aimed to prepare a program and methodical recommendations of anti-corruption education for teachers of a school of general education.

The goal of the project was to prepare an integrated anti-corruption education program and methodological recommendations for schools teachers, prepare teachers-consultants, responsible for further development of the program. 32 teachers of Ethics, History, Religion, Political science, Civic education and Psychology from 11 Lithuanian schools participated in the project. The participants had a series of seminars on anti-corruption.

Project participants gained knowledge and techniques to apply anti-corruption education strategies during their own lessons and other educational activities; Integrated programme of anti-corruption education and methodical recommendations for a school of general education were developed.

 

Project was devoted to teachers and pupils of a school of general education, school and local communities. 32 teachers of Ethics, Psychology, Religion, History, Political Science, Civic Education from following schools participated in the project:

  • Anyksciai A.Baranauskas secondary school
  • Elektrenai secondary school “Azuolynas”
  • Gargzdai gymnasium “Vaivorykste”
  • Kedainiai secondary school “Atzalynas”
  • arijampole secondary school No.6
  • Mazeikiai secondary school “Venta”
  • Panevezys secondary school No.9
  • Pasvalys P.Vileisis gymnasium
  • Radviliskis Vaizgantas gymnasium
  • Raseiniai secondary school “Saltinis”
  • Siauliai St.Salkauskis secondary school

Other documents:

http://www.sdcentras.lt/antikorupcija/en/bl/bl_content.pdf

http://www.sdcentras.lt/antikorupcija/en/bl/bl_progr_en.pdf

http://www.sdcentras.lt/antikorupcija/en/bl/bl_lessons.pdf

DURATION: 2002 – 2003

Open Local Government

The project was performed as the continuation of 2006 project Youth for Transparency where three municipalities participated – Mazeikiai District Municipality, Elektrenai Municipality and Anyksciai District Municipality. Participants from these municipalities acted as trainers and experts in Open Local Government project. 7 new municipalities were involved into this project. The main aim of the project was to raise awareness of local community (local authorities, schools, youth, NGO, media ect.) of the necessity to play an active role in support of civil society. Project objectives were: To support local leaders for developing and multiplying of local programmes for anticorruption and transparency education in the region; To develop and implement local programmes for anticorruption and transparency education in leading municipalities; To promote local programmes for anticorruption and transparency education in the region by local teams through cooperation with media, NGOs, other communities; To built the international experience exchange and means of multiplying the programmes for anticorruption and transparency education on the local level. In total, there were 24 schools, 122 students, 56 teachers, 18 servants of municipalities directly participating in this project. The project consisted of: 1) Preparing trainings for experts, trainers and local leaders; 2) Workshops for local teams; 3) Meetings of youth leaders with elected local government representatives and parliament members; 4) Educational materials; 5) Preparing and implementation the local programmes of education by each local team; 6) Local meetings with headmasters for promoting local programmes of education; 7) Educational activities with schools, public institutions; 8) Cooperation with all schools at the municipality; 9) Study visit in Poland; 10) Local presentation to spread out the results.

Youth for Transparency

The main aim of the project was to develop attitudes and meet expectations of young citizens in building the transparency and accountability of the public life on the local level, through education and through encouraging community cooperation on local and international levels.

Objectives

  • To engage local authorities and schools in common building and realizing the local policy of public administration monitoring.
  • To present the social control mechanisms in the subject of transparency and ways of corruption prevention for the students.
  • To cooperate with local authorities and schools in developing the local system of getting and disseminating information on the public institution functioning.
  • To build the international experience exchange and means of dissemination social control mechanism through education forum.

 

Target groups and beneficiaries

  • Youth: the project’s direct addressees are young people aged 13-18 years (students of gymnasium schools) in Poland and Lithuania living in places covered by the Programme, those who will one day become full citizens taking part in their local community life, also as the potential clients of offices in their localities (3900 students).
  • Local authorities chosen for the project: direct beneficiaries are local governments invited to co-operation (10 in Poland and 3 in Lithuania) their representatives who, assisted by the planned activities, are expected to build a positive image of the office and to work to improve confidence in public institutions (13 local governments, 65 representatives).
  • Teachers from the schools that will take part in the project: the Programme’s intermediate beneficiaries are also school teachers involved in its implementation and all the residents of counties and municipalities covered by the Programme, who will become addressees of activities carried out by school students and local government staff members (260 teachers).
  • Local community: all inhabitants in those regions where the project will be conducted (3000 adult inhabitants).

 

Creation of Anti-Corruption Program for Environmental Project Management Agency

In the end of 2007, TILS completed an analysis of the activity of Environmental Project Management Agency (EPMA) as well as the legal acts of the activity of the agency with regards to transparency and promotion of credibility. When conducting the analysis, information was collected from the employees of the agency on the basis of “focusing discussions” and questionnaire, internal legal acts on the activity of EPMA, information from EPMA‘s website www.apva.lt, data collected from EPMA “Rulebook Evaluation” that was implemented by National Development Institute in 2006 and data collected from EPMA activity audit that was conducted by National Audit Office. EPMA anti-corruption program “Open Doors“ that was based on previously collected data was prepared in 2008. The “Open Doors“ program determined most sensitive to corruption areas in the Agency, designed anti-corruption measures, furthermore, it contributed to the creation of motivation and ethics supervision system of EPMA employees.

Enhancing Whistleblowers Protection in Lithuania

The project was aimed at development of legal instruments protecting whistleblowers in Lithuania. TILS was nominated by the Government to lead the drafting of the whistleblower protection law. The project consisted of three parts: 1) TILS analyzed the current reporting and whistleblowing legal framework and practices in Lithuania; 2) TILS developed a set of proposals to address the issue of whistleblower protection and encouragement by producing a draft law and design a draft institutional/systemic framework that would effectively address the issue of whistleblowing in Lithuania. Such a proposal were based on thorough national research and best practice examples; 3) TILS sought to have necessary whistleblower protection documents adopted by the Parliament and relevant institutions. TILS staff has held a number of meetings members of the Parliament, in order to secure their support for the draft law. Whenever they had a chance, TILS raised the issue of whistleblowing in the media (a number of TV and radio shows attended) or during events organized by public institutions (meetings of certain commissions, working groups, and conferences), etc.

Excellence and Integrity in Public Procurement

The project was aimed to raise awareness on public procurement issues, mostly possible lack of transparency in procurement of EU funds. The project was implemented in 4 EU countries – Lithuania, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Slovakia. The output of the project was the trainings toolkits and the organized public procurement trainings for public officials in each of the participating countries (mostly one training per country).

More honourable medicine treatment

The goal of the project was to assess the situation in terms of possible occurrence of corruption in various sub-sectors and elements, processes and institutions in the health care sector. TILS, in cooperation with other NGOs and the Ministry of Health, created a research concept and interviewed 402 doctors. Such an extensive study of this sector was conducted for the first time. The research indicated the least transparent and most corrupt areas of the interactions between doctors and pharmacists. Based on the study results TILS came up with 6 methods that were suggested to pharmaceutical companies and doctors how the situation could be improved.

Start up of the Network on Structural Funds Impacts and Transparency

The goal – to create a mechanism for a monitoring of EU Structural Funds allocation. SGI, together with other international partners (Estonia – Praxis, Latvia – Providus, Czech Republic – Europeum, Hungary – CPS-CEU, Lithuania – Transparency International Lithuanian Chapter) implemented a project, targeted to creating a monitoring system for using the EU structural funds. The main goal of the project was to reduce the risk of using the structural funds in a non-transparent way by including independent experts and civil society into this process, as well as assuring a permanent monitoring of structural funds.

Stimulating transparency in the NGO sector

The main aim – to assess the situation in the third sector in terms of transparency and accountability. No such tries were done before neither by TI, nor any other organisation. TILS interviewed 600 NGOs based on TILS’ created questionnaire. Based on the results of the study to draft an NGO transparency and accountability primer. To raise awareness of NGOs themselves, but also donors, state institutions and the general public on the issue.

Preventing corruption through education, information and consciousness-raising

The project aimed at increasing anti-corruption awareness through education of the youth, dissemination of anti-corruption information, expansion of sociological basis and awareness-raising on the financing of political parties and campaigns, thus contributing to the development of civil society. The project consisted of four independent but thematically-linked components: 1) preparation of the anti-corruption education course for higher schools; 2) carrying out a long-term TV programme on anti-corruption; 3) using public opinion surveys for improving the anti-corruption measures; 4) round-table discussion on the problems related to the financing of political parties and political campaigns. Intended outcomes: 1) Anti-corruption education introduced into higher school curriculum; 2) Anti-corruption information disseminated through TV on a long-term and regular basis; 3) The public opinion surveys carried out; 4) Round-table discussion on topical issues related to the financing of political parties.

Promoting Transparency and Accountability in Public Administration

The aim of the project to strengthen transparency and accountability within the civil service through support to implementation of National Anti-corruption Programme by developing a map of corruption using institutional and geographical profile, preparing resource materials for corruption prevention, education and awareness raising. Three major objectives: Development of a map of current hot-spots and the spread of corruption in Lithuania using an institutional and geographical profile; Development of responsive measures for corruption prevention through a consultative process; Awareness raising campaign to present the report contents and proposed preventive measures (such as ethics training), to national and local authorities, the business community, NGOs, academia, and the media.

Youth Against Corruption (Jaunimas pries korupcija)

Objectives

The aim of this project was to educate the younger generation (future citizens of European Union) in the sense of awareness in the sphere of corruption, so that a new generation cherishing the moral values, following the civilized patterns of behavior – both on a personal and official level- could be brought up.

Beneficiaries in Lithuania

  • 3 000 direct beneficiaries.  High school and university students, members of debate clubs.
  • 20 000 indirect beneficiaries.  Members of local communities (other school and university students, teachers, parents, friends, officials of various local governmental institutions), members of national governmental institutions (Parliament, ministries).

Main activities

  • Teacher training seminar – outcome: a developed anti-corruption curriculum meant for working with students in clubs (3 days, 40 participants).
  • Public introduction of the proposed curriculum in local communities and show debates
  • Public debates, round table discussions at local communities, local and national governmental institutions were carried out  throughout the year.
  • Debate tournaments on corruption related issues 2 national (350 participants).
  • Topics: “Punishment for Bribery Should be Made More Strict”; “Anti-corruption Education should be Introduced into School Curriculum”.
  • Organizing “The best anti-corruption poster and slogan” competition and publishing of the calendar “Youth Against Corruption 2003” with best posters and slogans.
  • Organizing anti-corruption campaigns in all 17 cities and towns, giving anti-corruption calendars as gifts to all Members of Parliament, local and national authorities.
  • Anti-corruption Youth Forum (Druskininkai, June 20 – 30th, 2003).
  • Topic: “EU should introduce anti-corruption policy in its member states” ( 340 participants )
  • Compiling data of the project, evaluating results, preparing materials for publications, disseminating the publications and other outputs (August 2003).
  • Follow-up activity: International Anti-corruption Youth Forum (Druskininkai , September 2003). Participants from Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Moldova and Kazakhstan
  • Presentation of Anti-Corruption Action Plan at the Parliament. (September 2003).

Results

  • Increased awareness of the problem of corruption and active involvement of young people into the activities of anti-corruption campaign all over Lithuania.
  • Comparative analysis and evaluation of the results of the questionnaires filled in by young people before the beginning of the project and at the end of it.
  • Compiled materials, which will be ready for dissemination in other schools and local communities of Lithuania;
  • Cooperation with other organizations dealing with corruption in the country (Special Investigation Service, Transparency International, Lithuania Chapter).
  • Cooperation and a joint activity (“International Anticorruption Youth Forum”) with the young people from other countries (Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Belorus, Moldova and Kazakhstan).
  • Creation of a charter “Youth Against Corruption” and presentation of it to the department in Parliament dealing with corruption.

Budget

65.970,11 EUR

Donors

Open Society Fund-Lithuania, Ministry of Education and Science of the RL, The Kazickas Family Foundation, International Debate Education Association (IDEA), Democracy Commission, US Embassy U.S. Embassy, Baltic American Partnership Program, East-East Program Open Society Fund-Lithuania, Council of Europe Information Centre, British Embassy

Read the report here.