Youth Awareness in the Schools

Public opinion surveys conducted by the ACTION Project indicate that Ukrainian youth are among the primary groups victimized by corruption and is a group that voluntarily participates in corrupt activities. In view of this, the Lviv-based NGO, For a Common Future, developed an inte ractive simulation exercise and curriculum for students to make them more aware of the negative costs of corruption and what to do about it.

They worked with to the Lviv State Administration, which ordered that anticorruption classes would be included in the school curriculum on Legal Studies for Grades 9–11 starting in the academic year 2008-2009. Teachers were trained and the course was launched in 1000 out of 1450 schools. Next, the NGO developed a manual for the course, with the involvement of specialists from the Ukraine Ministry of Education and Science. In August 2009, the Commission on Educational Work of the Research and Methodological Council of the Ministry approved the manual and recommended it for use in secondary, vocational, professional and higher education institutions of I-II accreditation levels.

Source: Promoting Citizen Engagement in Combating Corruption in Ukraine (action) USAID Read it here.

Research About Corruption Distribution in Estonia

The survey was carried out in December 2001. 1008 respondents were involved in research all over Estonia. The objective of this project was to investigate how people understand corruption in the society and the distribution of corruption, and also to compare how these changed in comparison to a previous survey conducted in 1998. Results indicated that respondents have quite an adequate understanding about corruption and corruptive behaviour. Accordin to the results, the biggest change occured among people who had some kind of contact with corruption – number of respondants who experienced corruption decreased. In 1998 the percentage of respondants with no personal contact with corruption was 69,4%, whereas in 2001 it was 83,5%. This decrease was identified especially in the category of people with occasional contact with corruption (17,7% in 1998 and 6,1% in 2001); the percentage of individuals with frequent contact with corruption remained largely the same.

National Students Initiative “I Do Not Bribe!”

The project National Students Initiative “I Do Not Bribe!” was launched on 10 December, 2003. The team focused its efforts in 1) the development of the Anticorruption Education web site and 2) The preparation of two corruption-related web-based surveys.

The site was launched on 23 February, 2004 at http://www.VObg.net/.

A year after its launch the web site is already quite popular among its target audience: students, professors, journalists, state and civil organizations related to higher education. The registered daily number of visitors is 400, the weekly is 2,000, while monthly the site is visited by 8,000 people.

In March and April 2004 the project team developed two questionnaires for web-based surveys:

The general public survey conducted through the Anticorruption Education web site aimed to study public perceptions to corruption in higher education.

The specialized surveys were published on the web sites of New Bulgarian University, the Technical University of Gabrovo and Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. They targeted solely the users of these particular web sites and aimed to survey whether the students/professors from these establishments think their university environment is corrupt and to what extent they are prepared to counter corruption practices. A total of 137 people took the three specialized surveys.

On 28 April, 2004 the findings of the general web survey and the three specialized ones were presented at a press conference at the Bulgarian News Agency.

On 18 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Technical University of Gabrovo.

On 20 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. The discussion brought together students and professors from all institutes of higher education in Plovdiv.

The round-table participants stressed the apathy and indifference characteristic of a large number of university students. The Student Council chairman from the Agricultural University admitted that students rarely referred to the Council for any kind of assistance or problem solving.

On 26 October, 2004 the third round table was held with students and lecturers at the New Bulgarian University. The results from the university specialized survey were announced and the vice rector Mr. Lyudmil Georgiev gave a commentary speech on them.

On 1 December, 2004 the closing project press conference was held at which the week of no corruption at the three partner universities was announced. The project team gave an overview of what was done under the project and to what effects. During the no-corruption academic week the team distributed its publication, the Anticorruption Notebook at the three universities.

The Anticorruption Notebook was intended as a concise but comprehensive collection of all anti-corruption measures, corruption scandals and abuses of the system of higher education in Bulgaria in the last seven years. It is divided into two large sections, the first presenting findings from all previous university corruption surveys, and the second describing several notorious corruption scandals.

 

Source: Bulgarian Anticorruption Portal

Transparent Health Service

The health service is prone to corruption due to combination of uncertainty, informative asymmetry, and sheer quantity of participants (interests). The specific project aims were: to analyze the health service system from the perspective of transparency and corruption risks, to identify and name shortcomings and their consequences for the quality of health care in the Czech Republic; to increase public awareness and knowledge of the functions of the system and its procedures, its participants, rights, and obligations; to propose procedures and specify instruments to lead to an increase in the transparency, responsibility, and credibility of the system.

Preventing corruption through education, information and consciousness-raising

The project aimed at increasing anti-corruption awareness through education of the youth, dissemination of anti-corruption information, expansion of sociological basis and awareness-raising on the financing of political parties and campaigns, thus contributing to the development of civil society. The project consisted of four independent but thematically-linked components: 1) preparation of the anti-corruption education course for higher schools; 2) carrying out a long-term TV programme on anti-corruption; 3) using public opinion surveys for improving the anti-corruption measures; 4) round-table discussion on the problems related to the financing of political parties and political campaigns. Intended outcomes: 1) Anti-corruption education introduced into higher school curriculum; 2) Anti-corruption information disseminated through TV on a long-term and regular basis; 3) The public opinion surveys carried out; 4) Round-table discussion on topical issues related to the financing of political parties.

“Public control over entrance campaign-2008: all-Ukraine project” and “Entrance Campaign-2009 – By Community’s Eyes”

The goal of the project was forming a coalition of NGOs and public monitoring of the admission campaigns 2008 and 2009 in 30 universities in 14 regions of Ukraine. Additionally, it foresaw the establishment of an anti-corruption information service.

Countering corruption at the municipal level – anti-corruption measures in the Pernik region municipalities

The project was realized in the course of Coalition 2000 and USAID Open Government Initiative Project: “Civil Society Against Corruption”” – Small Grants Program. The goal of the current project was the improvement of the interaction between administration, civil society and business at local and regional levels.”

Study: „Access to the Public Information in Estonia“

The aim of the study was to analyze access to public information in Estonia. The Public Information Act (2000) was analyzed by comparing it with the relevant legislation of other countries. Four hundred requests for information were sent out to various public institutions and the responses to the request were analyzed.

Training on Investigative Journalism in Corruption Issues

This project successfully determined the trouble spots in BiH investigative journalism related to corruption issues. The impact was to raise awareness and locate the areas where corruption is most widespread. That is of direct benefit for the journalist as well as the general efforts to combat corruption in BIH. A pool of experts (Eva Vajda, Igor Gajic, Claudio Weber Abramo and other lectureres) provided a very effective training, which helped BiH journalists to more effectively deal with problems such as: identifying corruption, locating the information (official and alternative sources), source investigation and source protection, legal corridors for investigative journalists and prosecution of journalist. Positive aspects were establishing of country-wide co-operation among journalist and between journalist and TI BiH, almost as an informal network.

Transparent State Budget

Within the project a study dedicated to a general definition of the term and historical context, description of the budgetary process – its creation and its shortcomings, and control and checks was elaborated. The study contains recommendations for increasing transparency of the budgetary process.

Promoting Transparency and Accountability in Public Administration

The aim of the project to strengthen transparency and accountability within the civil service through support to implementation of National Anti-corruption Programme by developing a map of corruption using institutional and geographical profile, preparing resource materials for corruption prevention, education and awareness raising. Three major objectives: Development of a map of current hot-spots and the spread of corruption in Lithuania using an institutional and geographical profile; Development of responsive measures for corruption prevention through a consultative process; Awareness raising campaign to present the report contents and proposed preventive measures (such as ethics training), to national and local authorities, the business community, NGOs, academia, and the media.

Association for Freedom Rights

This NGO fights for open government and access to public information which clearly has impacts on corruption although the objectives of the NGO clearly go beyond corruption.