Raising Awareness of the Essence of Corruption and Strengthening the Fight Against it in Estonian Society

The aim of the project was to increase the interest of the public in the essence of corruption and to call the relevant state structures for closer cooperation. The researches on the situation of legislation dealing with corruption in the Republic of Estonia were implemented resulting in written analysis. A seminar and conference “Corruption in Estonia”” also took place.”

Research About Corruption Distribution in Estonia

The survey was carried out in December 2001. 1008 respondents were involved in research all over Estonia. The objective of this project was to investigate how people understand corruption in the society and the distribution of corruption, and also to compare how these changed in comparison to a previous survey conducted in 1998. Results indicated that respondents have quite an adequate understanding about corruption and corruptive behaviour. Accordin to the results, the biggest change occured among people who had some kind of contact with corruption – number of respondants who experienced corruption decreased. In 1998 the percentage of respondants with no personal contact with corruption was 69,4%, whereas in 2001 it was 83,5%. This decrease was identified especially in the category of people with occasional contact with corruption (17,7% in 1998 and 6,1% in 2001); the percentage of individuals with frequent contact with corruption remained largely the same.

Study: „Access to the Public Information in Estonia“

The aim of the study was to analyze access to public information in Estonia. The Public Information Act (2000) was analyzed by comparing it with the relevant legislation of other countries. Four hundred requests for information were sent out to various public institutions and the responses to the request were analyzed.

kysiai.lt

The goal of the project is to play part in fighting corruption in Lithuania by encouraging people to openly discuss about corruption and the ways to fight it, talk about known cases of corruption. The website includes a possibility to inform about giving/taking of bribes. People are using this opportunity, they are anonymously telling about the cases of corruption. These letters are then given to the Special Investigation Services.

Promotion of Housing Maintenance and Utilities Reform in Three Cities of Luhansk Region in Cooperation with Anti-Corruption Efforts in the Housing and Utility Sector

The project represented a public awareness campaign aimed at drawing public attention to corruption in the housing and municipal sector of the local economy. The campaign focused on tariff transparency, fulfillment of housing service contracts, subsidy abuse, etc. As in many other projects, a public advocate’s office was established, through which citizens were able to receive objective information and advice, as well as legal support in ongoing court cases. These legal offices also ensured that appropriate media coverage was given to the outcomes of pending legal proceedings. Information on relevant legal issues was also
made available by the public advocate office through the publication of Housing Services in Your Building, and My House is My Castle brochures.

Coalition for a Clean Parliament

Evaluating candidate MPs on the following criteria: Education; Political Contribution; Public Contribution; Penal Precedents; Consistency within a Political Camp and Parliamentary Performance (only for the existing MPs); and, Involvement in Controversial Activities, which was to be effectuated only in the case when an official verdict was issued by the authorities. The goal of the project was instating dignity in the parliament, by clearing it from MPs with bad record.

Dirty hands disease

Choroba brudnych rąk (Dirty hands disease) was an anti-corruption campaign initiated in 2004 and targeted at Warsaw. It consisted of displaying billboards and citylight posters with anti-corruption slogans and the logo of the program.

Don’t give, don’t take bribes

An overall program name, in reality it consists of different separate projects/campaigns. The main goal of the ‘Don’t give, don’t take bribes’ program was to raise awareness among the citizens that ‘petty corruption’, e.g. bribes to a road police, small gifts to doctors, bribes to ticket controlling services etc., is also corruption. It also attempted to change the perception that corruption is only a part of big business and draw attention to the fact that also regular people do encounter it and may act against this harmful phenomenon. The project aimed to create a positive campaign to show that one can say ‘no’ to corruptive activities and that indeed there are regular people, who do act against corruption. This undertaking also intended to reveal to people that any corruption undermines healthy functioning of the state and of every institution functioning within it.
The project was invented and run predominantly by two organizations: Ruch Normalne Państwo (Regular State Movement) and Stowarzyszenie Komunikacji Marketingowej SAR. The former organization is a voluntary civil society organization to which people donate their time and effort. They managed to find a large number of sponsors and thanks to that develop a country wide campaign in 2006, which lasted 3 months and was supported by multiple media (press, radio, TV). According to one of news articles the market value of the campaign in 2006 was ca. EUR 370.000!
The project had different editions starting with a single city campaign (in 2004 in Warsaw). Later on it pick up speed and scaled up onto the whole country. During annually organized ‘day without a bribe’ various happenings and actions take place across the whole country. Local NGOs and civil society organizations participate in them. Badges with campaign main slogan are distributed, as well as bumper stickers. Also envelopes are publicly burned to symbolize fight with corruption. Anti-corruption media campaigns ran for 2-3 months a year between 2006-2008. They included, besides already mentioned actions, TV and radio spots, billboard and citylight posters and running an internet website (www.niedajelapowek.pl).

Set in stone – honestly

In December 2008 Ruch Normalne Państwo and SAR and in cooperation with Forum Obywatelskiego Rozwoju, magazine ‘Murator’ and Cadera company released a report on corruption in construction sector in Poland. Information was gathered predominantly among the readers of the magazine, which is the most well known magazine in topic construction, via an on-line survey. The sample and outcomes bear a significant risk of being biased, nonetheless, the report is indicative about exemplary situations that a Pole encounter during an administrative process when she tries to acquire a construction/remodeling permission.

National Students Initiative “I Do Not Bribe!”

The project National Students Initiative “I Do Not Bribe!” was launched on 10 December, 2003. The team focused its efforts in 1) the development of the Anticorruption Education web site and 2) The preparation of two corruption-related web-based surveys.

The site was launched on 23 February, 2004 at http://www.VObg.net/.

A year after its launch the web site is already quite popular among its target audience: students, professors, journalists, state and civil organizations related to higher education. The registered daily number of visitors is 400, the weekly is 2,000, while monthly the site is visited by 8,000 people.

In March and April 2004 the project team developed two questionnaires for web-based surveys:

The general public survey conducted through the Anticorruption Education web site aimed to study public perceptions to corruption in higher education.

The specialized surveys were published on the web sites of New Bulgarian University, the Technical University of Gabrovo and Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. They targeted solely the users of these particular web sites and aimed to survey whether the students/professors from these establishments think their university environment is corrupt and to what extent they are prepared to counter corruption practices. A total of 137 people took the three specialized surveys.

On 28 April, 2004 the findings of the general web survey and the three specialized ones were presented at a press conference at the Bulgarian News Agency.

On 18 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Technical University of Gabrovo.

On 20 May, 2004 a round-table discussion was held at the Plovdiv University Paisii Hilendarski. The discussion brought together students and professors from all institutes of higher education in Plovdiv.

The round-table participants stressed the apathy and indifference characteristic of a large number of university students. The Student Council chairman from the Agricultural University admitted that students rarely referred to the Council for any kind of assistance or problem solving.

On 26 October, 2004 the third round table was held with students and lecturers at the New Bulgarian University. The results from the university specialized survey were announced and the vice rector Mr. Lyudmil Georgiev gave a commentary speech on them.

On 1 December, 2004 the closing project press conference was held at which the week of no corruption at the three partner universities was announced. The project team gave an overview of what was done under the project and to what effects. During the no-corruption academic week the team distributed its publication, the Anticorruption Notebook at the three universities.

The Anticorruption Notebook was intended as a concise but comprehensive collection of all anti-corruption measures, corruption scandals and abuses of the system of higher education in Bulgaria in the last seven years. It is divided into two large sections, the first presenting findings from all previous university corruption surveys, and the second describing several notorious corruption scandals.

 

Source: Bulgarian Anticorruption Portal

Monitoring the Application of the FOIA: The National Authorities Opened to People Project (on national level)

Monitoring groups consisted of citizens who, trained on possible claims related to the FOIA, were to collect certain data at particular national offices. Filing their applications for information – in person, by phone or in writing – they asked for various kinds of information. Communication manners, keeping deadlines and the content of the information required were evaluated later on. Based on the results, the monitored national authorities were ranked according to their implementation behaviour in respect to the access to information mode and the content of the information provided.
The project contributed to the enhancement of decision-making processes and the increase of their transparency and availability to public supervision, and laid basic grounds for the fight against bribery at the national authorities.

Access to justice: Introduction of the model “Legal assistance bureau”””

The project aimed to bring about a change in the regulation and grant people the right to receive legal assistance. Its main activities included: 1. data collection and analysis of the system for providing legal assistance by the officially appointed defense lawyers and attorneys; 2.qualitative and quantitative data accumulation and processing concerning the process of providing legal assistance in cases of defense provided by the state; 3. alternative model testing for providing legal assistance by the so-called Legal Assistance Bureau; 4. analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative methods for improving the quality of legal assistance and formulating a public policy by means of which an alternative can be applied.