The Survey Corruption in Estonia: analyzing 3 different target groups at the first time was carried out 2004. In autumn 2006 the second survey was carried out. The objective of the survey was to fit answers to the following questions (and to communicate results via public debate):
1. How big problem is corruption in the opinion of the respondents 2.how is corruption defined and to what extent it is condemned
3.how far spread is corruption
4. how frequent is contact with corruption
5.how receptive are people to corruption
6. what is the potential damage caused by corruption
The survey was carried out in three parts: interviews with the general population of Estonia (503), entrepreneurs (500) and employees of the public sector (1321).
Corruption was considered a problem by almost three-fourths of the population of Estonia and one-fourth of entrepreneurs.
Employees of the public sector are less tolerant of corruption.
Estonians are also less tolerant of corruption in comparison with other nationalities.
Corruption is considered to be more widespread in Tallinn. 3% of the people of Estonia and 12% of entrepreneurs have given a bribe.
15% of the entrepreneurs claim that they have been asked for a bribe.
14% of the population, 20% of entrepreneurs and 4% of public sector employees have experienced some form of corruption.
People admit very little of corruption, because they believe that it would be very difficult to prove and do not want to create further problems.
Perception of the spread of corruption and the reliability of state institutions are related phenomena.